Sunday, November 30, 2008
We are in summer now so I've turned the temperature down. I exercise in the spa using a pool noodle cut like dumb bells. The bubbles aren't harsh but give a gentle massage. I just love it!
As you are probably aware I love water so when a Porta Spa was advertised in a Christmas catalogue I did some investigating. I was a bit nervous as to whether a blow up spa would be sturdy and would last. However we bought one and I absolutely love it. It heats and blows hundreds of bubbles like a normal spa but is soft to sit in. It's made of the same kind of material as white water rafting boats so is very sturdy. Ours is inflated with the pump in minutes and can be deflated and moved or put away. We use an alternative to harsh chemicals which is added each day. This means we don't have a strong chlorine smell and it's kinder on clothes I think.
What this means for me is that I can have the benefits of being immersed in water without having to fill a tub (we're water conscious in Australia). It's big enough for me to float and move and exercise and the bubbles aren't harsh but keep the water moving over my skin which is great for desensitization. In winter I will be able to get warm everywhere and then rug up warmly. If I just rug up I find my extremities remain cold.
For any Australians reading this I found this spa in a Target catalogue for A$699. I've recently seen it for $599. Yes I couldn't believe it either. The local pool shops sell it for about A$2500. When I was searching for information I discovered it's available in the UK and the USA. As Kath from Kath & Kim would say, "I'm just loving myself with my new spa".
is a great advocate for Aqua Therapy. He attributes it as playing a major part in helping his grand daughter go into remission from CRPS. Tony was interviewed on How to Cope with Pain website. http://www.howtocopewithpain.org/blog/93/how-pain-affects-families-a-grandfathers-story/
I encourage you to read his interview and join his news group. Tony is dedicated to posting the latest in RSD/CRPS News and especially research.
International Research Foundation for RSD/CRPS has information on WATSU which is a combination of aqua therapy and gentle exercises. It also has a free video on "Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy in Children". This video does not mention the new brain science but does recognize as essential to have "normal use" of your body.
American RSDHope has a section explaining Aqua Therapy and Reflex Sympatetic Dystrophy Association (RSDSA) has an section on it's website answering questions about Aqua Therapy. Parc Promoting Awareness has a section on there website also. You'll find the links for this uncer CRPS/RSD related links to the left of this page.
Unfortunately the only link I was able to find on research about Aqua Therapy specifically for the treatment of CRPS was this this link to the Clinical Journal of Pain about the Short and Longterm outcomes of Children with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type 1 Treated with Exercise Therapy http://www.clinicalpain.com/pt/re/clnjpain/abstract.00002508-199909000-00009.htm;jsessionid=HVsDfydTSPF4Dwfjc8ylQNp80zNy7tqB53D3gcp5JG3LT7f7vRX3!-830841920!181195629!8091!-1
Tuesday, November 25, 2008
- It helps me keep focused on what helps me with pain and symptoms of a chronic pain syndrome.
- It's a brilliant distraction from pain.
- The creativity benefits are good for my brain.
- It keeps me positive.
- It gives me satisfaction that I am doing something for myself that may also help others.
- It makes me happy.
I subscribe to Vin's email posts so I can keep reminded of his great suggestions for improving my blog. I encourage others to consider starting a blog. Blogger has a simple guide for creating blogs and if you bookmark Vin's website you will always have help on hand when you need it.
Click on the title of this post for the link or click here to visit The Blog Doctor .http://www.blogdoctor.me/
Monday, November 24, 2008
Sunday, November 23, 2008
Click on the post title to go to the How to Cope with Pain website.
Saturday, November 22, 2008
However the NOI Group, Neuro Orthopedic Institute of Australasia, http://www.noigroup.com/ provides wonderful resources which you can access directly from them on line. Click here for a list of resources including graded motor imagery, limb laterality recognition software, and neurodynamic techniques dvd.
NOI Group has courses in 2009 in the USA
Mobilization of the Nervous System Chicago, IL Robert Johnson
14-15 March, 2009
Mobilization of the Nervous System Elkridge, MD Adriaan Louw
28-29 March, 2009
Mobilization of the Nervous System ST. Louis, MO Adriaan Louw
4-5 April, 2009
Mobilization of the Nervous System Las Vagus, NV Adriaan Louw
6-7 June, 2009
I suggest if you are interested in finding a practitioner who uses these methods that you print out my post and other information from previous posts. I then suggest you speak with your physical therapist or pain management clinic. Ask them if they are aware of the new understanding of brain plasticity and how it relates to pain management. Encourage them to go to training if in their area. Don't think less of them if they don't know as no one can be expected to know everything. Provide them with information and links to research. Encourage them to find out more and so you can work out what to do together.
Many practitioners will be too busy or disinclined to help. If that happens then you can access the NOI Group materials yourselves. "Explain Pain" is a good beginning as it explains very simply about pain and the brain.
Read about mirror therapy and work it out for yourself as I did. Tell your practitioner what you plan to do and get any advice. They can help even if they don't really know much about it. Our Aussie dollar is very low compared with the US dollar. This will make buying resources from Australia very cheap.
I'm giving you the link to the American Association of Intergrative Medical Practitioners.
You can contact the association from this website. They have a list of members. I suggest you contact the association and ask for members in your area. I found a link to this website on the NOI Group site so it's possible they have provided training to this group.
There's a conference in 2009. You could encourage your practitioners to find out if this conference has new brain science as topics.
Finally, I know the doctor who is a pain management specialist and has the website How to Cope with Pain uses these methods. Personal experience with patience gives her the edge in presenting a very informative website.
I hope this is of some help. I'm sorry I can't help you further.
Friday, November 21, 2008
Click on this post title to take you to the defense Service News article.
This same method works for chronic pain syndromes which are in a single limb. You need one good side or at least one better side. I'm using this same method at present for crps shoulder pain.
It's important to remember if pain returns after it has been relieved, then there is an underlying cause. It is most important to remember that physical therapy to regain strength, correct movement etc is very important in order to help prevent re injury and recurrence of pain.
Titled Phantom Limb Cure - re-training the brain the article explains how distortions in the brain can be changed by remapping. This brain plasticity can be exploited to return the brain to normal and reduce phantom limb pain. The principles that apply here apply also for chronic pain syndromes.
Click on the title of this post for the link to the article. Recommended.
The US connection
"Psychiatrist and psychoanalyst of the Columbia University Center for Psychoanalytic Training and Research Norman Doidge refers to this effect as 'the dark side of plasticity.'" Author of the book "The Brain That Changes Itself it is "Doidge’s conviction that neuroplasticity represents the single most important new idea in our understanding of the human brain in hundreds of years, with immense consequences for our understanding of human nature, human and therapeutic possibilities.
This link will tell you more about DR Doidge.
Thursday, November 20, 2008
CBS News -Retraining the brain -Doctors Test Drug -Free Methods To Restore Lost Mental Capabilities.
Barbara asked if I know of any one using these methods in the US.
To answer your question Barbara I will do a series of posts.
Today's post title links to a 2006 CBS News story, Retraining the brain -Doctors Test Drug -Free Methods To Restore Lost Mental Capabilities.
Please note that the CI therapy mentioned was designed by Dr. Edward Taub at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.Taub says treatments that retrain the brain have been proven useful in treating strokes, brain injuries, even helping recovery from hip replacement. "There are treatments for lots and lots of conditions that are not part of mainstream treatments, but are effective," Taub says.
The article finishes,
"As science learns more about the brain's capacity to rewire itself, instead of using drugs, doctors may increasingly try teaching old brains new tricks."
Please click on this blog title to go to the CBS News report. Although not specifically about chronic pain, it shows that the US is clearly taking up the challenge and using the techniques of retraining the brain based on the knowledge of brain plasticity well worth the read.
I use a similar style of breathing and have proven at home that my blood pressure will drop after just 15 minutes. I believe the research says that if you do this 3 times a week you can bring about an overall reduction in blood pressure.
I suspect that this device and this style of breathing has more to offer thasn just stabilizing blood pressure. To reduce blood pressure I believe you are activating the parasympathetic nervous system. In CRPS/RSD our sympathetic nervous systems are ramped up (just like PTSD). It makes sense to me that if 15mins on this machine can reduce blood pressure, it should also reduce pain by calming the sympathetic nervous system. I suspect this is a way of brain retraining. Whatever it is, it's very effective.
Click on the post title for the link to the article in Health Central.
Tuesday, November 18, 2008
Tactile discrimination, but not tactile stimulation alone, reduces chronic limb pain
I encourage you to click on this blog title to read HTCwP's article.There is no doubt that brain retraining, which taps into the new understanding of the plasticity of the brain, can make a huge difference to people who have chronic pain. It needs to be remembered that although these techniques can ease or stop pain, pain can recur due to re injury or another event. Stopping the pain is just part of the solution. People in chronic pain have altered posture, protecting behaviours which alter posture, altered posture due to inability to use or move one part of the body properly. Once pain is lessened, the issue of getting fitter/stronger to avoid re-injuring needs addressing.
Sunday, November 16, 2008
Free Classifides has this ad.
Location: New York City Manhattan
Date Listed: Nov-14-08
If you are a patient with
-CRPS/RSD localized on one side of your body
-in pain despite current treatment
You may be eligible for an outpatient research study at Beth Israel Medical Center, NY.
To preliminary check whether you may be eligible for the study, call 212-844-6483.
Leave your full name and phone number, and your call will be returned in 48 hours.
I hope this study is about mirror therapy!
Wednesday, November 12, 2008
Please click on the post title to go to the National Foundation website. I recommend scrolling down and checking out other new information about chronic pain and treatments. Of note is the new deal for US Veterans and past veterans.
Down the bottom is a link which is relevant for sufferers of CRPS/RSD "Touch can relieve skin pain". "http://www.nationalpainfoundation.org/MyTreatment/News_Month_0810.asp#Touch
Tuesday, November 11, 2008
Substance p's relationship with oxygen deficit is well known. Oxygen deficit triggers the release of substance p. Experiments have shown that decreasing tissue oxygen concentrations increases release of substance p. The amount of substance p is relative to the level of hypoxia or put simply, the lower the amount of oxygen, the higher the amount of substance p.
It is already known that tissue hypoxia and an increase in skin lactate levels occur in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome. Oxygen free radical scavengers such as vitamin C reduce the pain of CRPS and bring about local oxygen homeostasis, inhibiting the release of substance p. Topical capsaicin (made from chillis) cream inhibits the release of substance p by increasing oxygen delivery. This, in essence, is merely a simplified explanation. Google "oxygen view of pain Majid Ali" for a more detailed explanation.
Dr Majid Ali recommends what he calls limbic breathing which he describes as a "vigorous type of breathing with a long out breath". My physiotherapist and my intergrative medicine doctor also recommend a the type of breathing where the out breath is longer or twice as long as the in breath. This type of breathing, I believe, activates the parasympathetic nervous system bringing about a sense of calm and thus helping us to better cope with pain. Now I also realize that this style of breathing has the added benefit of encouraging increased oxygen intake.
To read more about Dr Majib and "The Oxygen View of Pain" click on this blog's title link.
Recently I've come to realize the benefit of alternate nostril breathing. Here are links to my recent post on this and a video demonstration.
Those of you with an interest in Hyperbaric Oxygen as a treatment for CRPS/RSD might be interested in this link to research articles.
For chronic pain sufferers it's important to remember to breathe.
Monday, November 10, 2008
- high oxygen supply with tissue hypoxia in CRPS extremities;
- a diminished oxygen availability to the skeletal muscle tissue affected by chronic CRPS;
- and several deficiencies in the skeletal muscles of CRPS sufferers.
Free radicals are atoms or groups of atoms with an odd number of electrons and can be formed when oxygen interacts with certain molecules. Once formed these highly reactive radicals can start a chain reaction. Their chief danger comes from the damage they can do when they react with important cellular components such as DNA, or the cell membrane. To prevent free radical damage the body has a defense system of antioxidants.
Antioxidants are molecules which can safely interact with free radicals and terminate the chain reaction before vital molecules are damaged. Although there are several enzyme systems within the body that scavenge free radicals, the principle micronutrient (vitamin) antioxidants are vitamin E, beta-carotene, and vitamin C. Additionally, selenium, a trace metal that is required for proper function of one of the body's antioxidant enzyme systems, is sometimes included in this category. The body cannot manufacture these micronutrients so they must be supplied in the diet.
Vitamin E : nuts, seeds, vegetable and fish oils, whole grains (esp. wheat germ), fortified cereals, and apricots.
Vitamin C : Ascorbic acid is a water soluble vitamin present in citrus fruits and juices, green peppers, cabbage, spinach, broccoli, kale, cantaloupe, kiwi, and strawberries.
Beta-carotene is a precursor to vitamin A (retinol) and is present in liver, egg yolk, milk, butter, spinach, carrots, squash, broccoli, yams, tomato, cantaloupe, peaches, and grains. (NOTE: Vitamin A has no antioxidant properties and can be quite toxic when taken in excess.)Research now shows that we can substantially affect the level of anti-oxidants in our bodies by eating fresh fruits and vegetables.
Google "antioxidants for crps" to learn more.
Sunday, November 09, 2008
Migraine pain is believed to originate from inflammation of the blood vessels in the brain. Theories about the exact cause of inflammation range from nervous system malfunctions to an imbalance of certain chemicals in the brain.
The study using vitamin B2 (riboflavin) to prevent migraine - published in the European Journal of Neurology (2004;11:475-7)- investigated the effect of high-dose riboflavin on migraine frequency, duration, and intensity in 23 people aged 20 to 65.
Participants suffered fewer migraines and those they had were of shorter duration.
I was advised several years ago to try this. I use less than the amount suggested in the research. In my case I rarely have migraines now and those I do have are for less time and lesser intensity. I also no longer have visual field loss which was attributed to vascular spasm migraine.
If interested in this it is wise to consult with your doctor first. Self medication can be dangerous.Supplementing with high-dose vitamin B2 (riboflavin) may help prevent migraines, according to recent research.
Click on the post title for the link to the research.
Saturday, November 08, 2008
Click on the this post title for the direct link to the carnival and check out what others have to say.
The election is over and the speeches have been made but the message will remain all important.
I've had many encouraging responses to my recent posts about physical therapy to help pain and symptoms of complex regional pain syndrome. All have said how much they've been helped and continue with physical therapy as I do myself. The new US President Elect got it right when he said the empowering words, "yes we can". We now know that the brain changes in a positive, helpful way when we think or speak positively so I suggest we all adopt this mantra and repeat it often.
"Yes we can!"
Yes we can move a little and a little more each day. (remembering to pace)
Yes we can make immune boosting food and drink choices. (tea is a great immune booster)
Yes we can actively seek happiness. (choose a funny dvd)
We can do something to help ourselves.
If you click on "subscribe to crps/rsd a better life by email" at the top of this blog you will receive new posts in your email. Some of you have clicked "reply" to email posts and sent me a personal message. Your replies to me have been really great. I encourage some of you to post a comment so that others can share your encouraging message.
Friday, November 07, 2008
They noted that CRPS is known to occur in childhood usually involving severe limb pain, colour and temperature change, with associated loss of function.
The review concluded that children with CRPS can develop abnormal movement and this is often linked to a more severe and complex presentation requiring a very intensive rehabilitation approach.
Click on the title link to learn more.
Thursday, November 06, 2008
Review found "intensive rehabilitation approach to the management of children with CRPS is very effective in reducing pain and restoring function."
A retrospective case note review was performed for 23 patients with a diagnosis of CRPS by H Mato, S Sian, N Hasson and S Maillard at Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, UK.An intensive programme was undertaken including twice daily physiotherapy, advice on pacing and pain management over a 2–3 week period. The main philosophy of the programme was that function be before pain was reduced.
All children improved in symptoms and function including school attendance. It was concluded that an intensive rehabilitation approach to the management of children with CRPS is very effective in reducing pain and restoring function.
Tony Tobin of RSD World News http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/RSD-WorldNews/
has long been an advocate of physical therapy especially aqua therapy. It's good to see more studies that support this. The very strong brain message not to move and to protect needs to be overridden. I've found personally that normal movement is one of the best ways to relieve symptoms in the long run.
Wednesday, November 05, 2008
"In electing Senator Obama, the US had lived up to Martin Luther King's famous speech in which men and woman would be judged not by the colour of their skin but by the content of their character.
Today what America has done is turn that dream into a reality.
His message of hope is not just for America's future but also for the world, a world which is now in many respects fearful for its future."
Monday, November 03, 2008
I recommend you check out her site and listen to her broadcasts. The times and topics can be found on the blogtalk link.
Now, according to the rules of accepting the Kreativ Blogger Award I am to list six things that make me happy and pass this award on to six others.
1. Sharing experiences with my wonderful husband.
2. Doing things with our children, sharing a meal with love and laughter - lots of laughter.
3. Doc the dog.
4. Being with our treasured friends.
5. Watching the sunset at the beach with neighbours.
6. A good book.
I have much pleasure in passing on this award to some remarkable people.
- David Butler for his huge contribution to educating therapists and people with pain, for his book "Explain Pain" which has made such a difference to my life and for his blogs "Neuromatrix Training" http://neuromatrixtraining.blogspot.com/ "Neurodynamics - Physical and neural health" http://noineurodynamics.blogspot.com/http://explainpain.blogspot.com/ "Explain Pain
- The Doctor who has the How to Cope with Pain site http://www.howtocopewithpain.org/
- Matthias Weinberger for his contribution to education about new brain science of pain management "Neurotropian" http://neurotopian.blogspot.com/
- Diane Jacobs for her dedication to finding answers, educating and spreading the word and for her blog "Human Anti Gravity Suit" http://humanantigravitysuit.blogspot.com/
- Tony Tobin who has RSD World News for his "Original angry man" blog.http://www.anthonytobin.co.uk/
- Usiku who wrote one of my favourite books, "Elouquence" http://usiku.net/
I thank you all for the difference you've made to my life and for enriching the lives of many.
I strongly recommend you visit these sites. Take the time to look and learn.
Sunday, November 02, 2008
Preventing the development of complex regional pain syndrome could save years of possible pain and suffering.
"It is thought that approximately 20% of CRPS patients who present to chronic pain clinics have a history of prior surgical procedures in the affected area with most reports of postoperative CRPS occurring after orthopedic surgery, especially after operations on the extremities."
The professor specifically mentions as well pre-emptive analgesia before dental surgery.
I received an email from Professor Reuben, in which, regarding my question about vitamin C and surgery, he says that they now incorporate Vitamin C in their protocols.
For the link to this article go to "crps/rsd related articles" to the left of this blog or click here.
Identifying risk factors and early intervention may prevent the development of complex regional pain syndrome.
With reference to the Swiss cohort study from my previous post, it is timely to consider what is already known about identifying risk factors and early intervention to prevent the development of complex regional pain syndrome.
Pub Med reported that Researchers at Centre Hospitalier, Rue Marcellin Berthelot, 02 000 Laon, France found that the incidence of reflex sympathetic dystrophy was five time times lower in a group give vitamin C orally for 45 days from the start of the fracture. They considered that this supported previous observations and lent credibility to the value of vitamin C administration as a prophylactic measure to prevent the occurrence of reflex sympathetic dystrophy in patients who undergo surgical treatment of a displaced fracture of the distal radius.
The Lancet in December 1999 reported that doctors at Leyenburg Hospital, The Hague, The Netherlands in a prospective, double-blind study showed that vitamin C was associated with a lower risk of RSD after wrist fractures. They hypothesized that this beneficial effect of prophylaxis would be useful in other forms of trauma.
In July 2007 the Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery reported that Drs Zollinger, Tuinebreijer, Breederveld and Kreis, Department of Surgery, Red Cross Hospital, Beverwijk, The Netherlands had conducted a randomized, controlled, multicenter dose-response study into whether vitamin C can prevent the development of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome in patients with wrist fractures.
The study concluded that Vitamin C reduces the prevalence of complex regional pain syndrome after wrist fractures. A daily dose of 500 mg for fifty days was recommended recommended.To read more go to the link to the left of this blog under "crps/rsd related articles".
Saturday, November 01, 2008
Research suggest possiblity of new effective treatments for chronic pain patients with cutaneous tactile allodynia.
Cutaneous tactile allodynia (painful hypersensitivity to mechanical stimulation of the skin) associated with microvascular dysfunction in muscleLaferriere, Millechamps, Xanthos, Xiao, Siau, de Mos, Sachot, Ragavendran, Huygen, bennett, Coderre. Click on the post title link for cantact information.
Molecular Pain 2008, 4:49doi:10.1186/1744-8069-4-49
|Published:||28 October 2008|
"Cutaneous tactile allodynia, or painful hypersensitivity to mechanical stimulation of the skin, is typically associated with neuropathic pain, although also present in chronic pain patients who do not have evidence of nerve injury. We examine whether deep tissue microvascular dysfunction, a feature common in chronic non-neuropathic pain, contributes to allodynia.
Our results demonstrate how microvascular dysfunction and ischemia in muscle can play a critical role in the development of cutaneous allodynia, and encourage the study of how these mechanisms contribute to chronic pain. We anticipate that focus on the pain mechanisms associated with microvascular dysfunction in muscle will provide new effective treatments for chronic pain patients with cutaneous tactile allodynia."
To read more about this click on the post title for the link.
Ideally, potential risk factors may be identified at an early stage in order to initiate an early and adequate treatment in patients with increased risk for delayed recovery.
The researchers believe that the project is timely. From a socioeconomic and epidemiological perspective many questions regarding CRPS remain unanswered. While considerable efforts have gone into basic science research dealing with pathogenesis of CRPS the clinical counterpart has not been vigorously fostered. Among the few examples we are aware of the Dutch consortium Trend which established a registry of cases with CRPS I. We think that our collaboration with this group has a significant synergistic capacity. Our partnership will contribute to a better understanding of many important aspects of CRPS and inform the future research agenda in this area. It is likely to generate considerable transfer value to the health care system not only because its results will have a direct impact on patient care but also because it allows identifying patients requiring particular attention and care. Finally, we believe that this study will guide investigators to set the research agenda in this rapidly evolving field.
To learn more please click on the title of this post for the link.
crps/rsd related articles
- Nursing Patients with CRPS/RSD
- Vitamin c and CRPS 2010
- Cleveland Clinic link - twin research
- Complex Regionaal Pain Syndrome and identical twins.
- Familial occurance of CRPS.
- Headache a risk factor for CRPS.
- Ehlers Danlos Syndrome and CRPS
- Brain change in chronic CRPS -Neuron
- Vitamin c as preventative for CRPS - Netherlands study 2007
- Vitamin C and CRPS study ARC Bristol
- BestBETs Best Evidence Topics - Hydrotherapy for Comples Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) of the foot and ankle
- Neurotopian - Matthias Weinberger's fantastic blog.
- hope-4crpsrsd - a Christian support group
- podcast - Australian Native Fruits bear sweet antioxidants.
- Explain Pain - David Butler's blog
- CRPS/RSD and Dentistry
- HTCwP - brain control of movement is altered in CRPS - study
- HTCwP - Self Compassion or Self Esteem
- Neuromatrix Training Blog
- Neurodynamics - Physical and Neural Health Blog
- Explain Pain Blog
- JB & JS report - Can Vitamin C Prevent Complex Regional Pain Syndrome in Patients with Wrist Fractures?
- Matthais Weinberger's interview on "how to Cope with Pain" website.
- How to Cope with Pain - Ketamine Coma treatment for CRPS/RSD
- RSDHope - DVD set of three
- North Western University Feinburg School of Medicine "Old Memory Traces May trigger chronic pain."
- HOw to Cope with pain How Pain Affects Families -Tony's story.
- Prevention.com article -"Natural-Born Pain Killers"
- Brain control altered in movement with CRPS -How to Cope With Pain
- How to Cope With Pain - Asking for help.
- Hooshmand and Physical Therapy Part I
- Hooshmand and Physical Therapy Part II
- How to Cope with Pain on Recognize - Here's a way to get ready to move - with less pain.
- American Pain Foundation Booklet: Treatment Options - A Guide for People Living in Pain
- Preventing CRPS after surgery - International Research Foundation for RSD/CRPS
- How to Cope with Pain - great questions about Graded motor movements
- How to Cope with Pain - Recognize podcast
- How to Cope with Pain - Graded motor imagary
- How to Cope with Pain - Think & move & your pain will improve.
- How to Cope with Pain - CRPS - Can mirrors help?
- RSD Canada Online Survey Questionnaire
- For Grace web site
- For Grace Utube site
- How to Cope With Pain - Can mirrors help?
- Noi Group Australia
- Support groups help you cope with pain - HTCWP interview by National Pain Foundation
- How to Cope with Pain Mindfulness video from Utube.
- "How to Cope with Pain's" hilarious video.
- Jason's RSDS/CRPS News & Information blog
- BBC UK News - Vitamin C /crps study - "Mystery pain left me in a wheelchair"
- Dr Moseley's interview on How to Cope with Pain site.
- Virtual Reality as a Rehabilitative Technology for Phantom Limb Experience.
- UK mirror box therapy site.
- Ramachandran's mirror box video
- My interview on "How to Cope with Pain" website.
- Napp Pharmaceuticals donate mirror boxes - WebWire article
- How to Cope with Pain: A guide to coping with pain.
- Hooshmand and Physical Therapy Part II